Throughout the semester, we have been reading plays regarding climate change and the environmental impact and how humans have a significant amount of impact in our environment based on their self-interest and self-gain. Throughout the play, "Shelter," I am focusing on how the author, Joshua Mikel who points out the cause and effect of how nuclear waste is a massive event and can negatively impact people lives.


Shelter - Joshua Mikel Summary

Joshua Mikel "Shelter" play is about three siblings who were affected by the nuclear bomb which in fact causes doubts about their future. Characters within the play are; Ash, male fraternity twin brother of Ray who is 27 years of each, Ray who is 27, female fraternity twin of Ash who is also 27, and Phillip, a male who is the oldest sibling in the family who is 29 years of age. At the beginning of the play, the author, Joshua Mikel throughout the story shows the impact and effect that human cause in the environment due to nuclear waste. The three siblings wake up in the rubble of the holocaust nuclear bomb behind their childhood home in which they are trying to figure out their living condition. In addition, the siblings are in the brink of their past and reflecting while desperation for their future and how they will live their lives due to the effect of the nuclear bomb and had and how they maneuver their situation. Also, Joshua Mikel in the play mentioned turtle ninja mutated because of the nuclear waste but if it was to human we would probably have cancer of most likely died but in this place, it is not the case.

Characters within the play are balancing their life after the nuclear holocaust in where their future is being questioned while they navigate their living survival. 

Dr. Angela Sweigart-Gallagher's production of Shelter at Lock Haven University in 2010.

Worldwide Nuclear Testing

Atomic Bomb 350,000: Population of Hiroshima before the bombing, of which 40,000 were military personnel. 140,000: Estimated death toll, including those who died from radiation-related injuries and illness through Dec. 31, 1945.  300,000: Total death toll to date, including those who have died from radiation-related cancers.

Throughout the play "Shelter" Joshua Mikel mentioned one of the main problem concerning radiation and the nuclear bombing. Mikel further discusses in the play regarding "Toxic ooze" and "nuclear waste" which are issues Mikel talked about in the play where the sibling is fighting dealing with their situation and navigate their future in the condition they have found themselves in. In addition, as we see, Ash seem to be following a discussion regarding the bombing on Hiroshima; "I saw this documentary once about the bomb dropping on Hiroshima. You could see the patterns in the kimonos they were wearing on their skin, because the radioactive particles penetrated the darker colors differently than they did the lighter colors" (68). In this article, "RADIATION EXPOSURE AND DISEASE QUESTIONNAIRES OF EARLY ENTRANTS AFTER THE HIROSHIMA BOMBING" by Satoru Endo, Noriyuki Kawano, and Kenichi Tanaka who are a researcher in Kyoto University who studied Quantum energy were they able to conducted and witness various syndrome regarding the symptoms shortly after the atomic bombing. This is the way of Mikel keeping readers interesting to the play but as well incorporates the issues of a nuclear bomb and the effect of it and its technology throughout human history and why it is prevalent. Being exposed to radiation also caused many symptoms on the human body.

  Hiroshima, Japan nuclear bomb
BBC. "Hiroshima: Dropping The Bomb - Hiroshima - BBC." Youtube, Mar 14, 2017.     

Throughout this video, we would experience a massive drought of an environmental impact in which Hiroshima bombing attack heavily affected the people within Japan and as well the environment as a whole and how they human impact technology can be devastating when only look at your self-interest and self-fulfillment.

Work Cited

Mikel, Joshua. Shelter. Accessed 27 Feb.  2019. Print.….


Underground Bomb Shelter. "Understanding Radiation: Scientific Basis of Nuclear Explosions – Critical Mass for a Fission Chain" Access, Apr. 29. 2019. Web.


Ewing, RC, Weber, W. J, Clinard Jr, F.W. Process in Nuclear Energy:"Radiation effects in nuclear waste forms for high-level radioactive waste." University of New Mexico, 17 Feb. 2000. Access, Apr. 29, 2019. Web.


Underground Bomb Shelter. "Understanding Radiation: Scientific Basis of Nuclear Explosions – Critical Mass for a Fission Chain" Access, Apr. 24. Web.


Sweigart-Gallagher, Angela. “Directing Portfolio: Shelter.” 2010.


Deep Sea News. "Worldwide Nuclear Testing 1945-2018" Access, Apr. 29. 2019. Web.


The San Diego Union-Tribune. BY THE NUMBERS: "The atomic bombing of Hiroshima" By Associated Press, May, 27. 2016. Access, Apr. 27. 2019. Web.


Imanaka Tetsuji, Endo Satoru, Kawano Noriyuki, Tanaka Kenichi. "Radiation exposure and disease questionnaires of early entrants after the Hiroshima bombing"  Radiation Protection Dosimetry, Volume 149, Issue 1, March 2012, Pages 91–96. Access, Apr. 29, 2019. Web.